Defending Assault and Domestic Violence Crimes in Macomb County

assault-bottle

Image depicting felony “Assault with a Deadly Weapon”

List of Assault Crimes and Maximum Penalty

According to Michigan Crime Statistics, 117,430 assault crimes were reported in 2016. This includes assaults classified as misdemeanors, felonies and domestic violence cases. The following is a list of both misdemeanor and felony assault crimes as contained in the Michigan Penal Code:

Misdemeanor Assault Crimes                                      Maximum Punishment

  • Assault and battery                                                      93 days jail
  • Aggravated assault                                                       1 year jail
  • Domestic violence                                                         93 days in jail
  • Aggravated domestic violence                                    1 year jail

Felony Assault Crimes                                                    Maximum Punishment

  • Assault with a deadly weapon (ADW)                       4 years prison
  • Felony domestic violence (3rd Offense)                    5 years prison
  • Assault with intent to do great bodily harm            10 years prison
  • Assault by strangulation                                             10 years prison
  • Assault with intent to murder                                    Up to life in prison

Threatening another person with an object during an altercation (assault with a deadly weapon) or placing someone in a choke-hold which impedes breathing (assault by strangulation) can result in serious felony charges. Once an assault crime is on your record, it can lead to devastating consequences that will last a lifetime. In this publication, we will discuss ways that we have successfully defended assault crimes against all odds and have dodged felony convictions. We will also discuss situations whereby an alleged victim or injured party wants the case dismissed or fails to appear for a trial.

 Assault with a Deadly Weapon Includes Objects Other than a Gun or Knife:  The criminal offense of felony assault is formally called “Assault with a Deadly Weapon” (ADW) in the Michigan Penal Code (MCL 750.82). It is consistently one of the most prevalent felony crimes in Macomb County Courts.   It is a serious felony which is punishable by up to 4 years in prison. Felony assault (ADW) is a crime which involves an assault with the use of a deadly weapon (such as a gun or knife) or any other instrumentality which is fashioned or used as a weapon (car, golf club, bottle, pool stick) and is capable of inflicting serious bodily injury or death. Actual physical contact or an injury is not required.

Assault by Strangulation or Suffocation:  Assault by strangulation or suffocation (MCL 750.84) is a felony which carries up to 10 years in prison. This offense is seen most often in domestic altercations. The statute describes “strangulation or suffocation” as intentionally impeding normal breathing or circulation of the blood by applying pressure on the throat or neck or by blocking the nose or mouth of another person.

What happens if the alleged victim wants to dismiss the charges or fails to appear at preliminary examination or trial?

There are policy reasons that make it difficult to get an assault or domestic violence case dropped as we explain in another publication. Any desire by the alleged victim to drop the charge will be met with resistance by the prosecutor. The prosecutor will remind the alleged victim that criminal charges for filing a false police report will be pursued should the alleged victim’s story change from the initial police report. The alleged victim will also be warned of “being held in contempt” for failure to appear in court after being served with a subpoena. In addition, any person that attempts to intimidate or influence a witness can charged with witness tampering pursuant to MCL 750.122.   It takes the skills of an experienced criminal defense lawyer to navigate all of the legal issues that can arise in situations such as this.  

Under certain circumstances, the prosecutor may attempt to proceed without the alleged victim by introducing the statements of the alleged victim which were made at the time of the offense. The prosecutor should expect strong objections from defense counsel in this scenario based upon the hearsay evidence rules and the Confrontation Clause of the Constitution.

There are serious legal complexities involved in cases where the alleged victim wants to dismiss an assault charge or does not want to testify at trial. The alleged victim may consider hiring independent counsel for representation to avoid any communications with the prosecution and determine if taking the Fifth Amendment (right to remain silent) is a viable way to proceed and for answers to these questions:

  • Will the alleged victim be held in contempt of court and face jail upon failure to appear at trial or a hearing to testify?
  • Can the alleged victim be charged with a crime for changing the story about what happened?
  • Can charges be filed against a person that tells the alleged victim not to appear at court (witness tampering or intimidation)?

Assault and Domestic Violence Strategies: Avoiding Conviction, Jail, Record

The chief concerns for those facing criminal charges are: Avoiding a conviction, Avoiding a criminal record and Avoiding any jail time. We share in these concerns and look for ways to get our clients out of the system with the least possible ramifications.

There are several factors that can influence the outcome of an assault charge:

  • Prior criminal record of the accused.
  • Injuries to the alleged victim.
  • Prior assaultive history of the alleged victim.
  • Whether the accused acted in honest self-defense.
  • Whether any drugs or alcohol are involved.
  • Whether the alleged victim will agree to a plea bargain.
  • Whether the alleged victim will cooperate at preliminary examination and trial.
  • Whether the alleged victim claims any losses (restitution).
  • Whether the prosecutor has a ‘no plea bargain’ policy.
  • Whether the accused is a youthful offender entitled to HYTA.

In defending clients charged with an assault crime, there are various outcomes that we have obtained to avert a conviction or felony record including: dismissal prior to trial, not guilty verdict following a trial, reduction of a felony to a misdemeanor and getting a disposition for a dismissal pursuant to HYTA (youthful offender), MCL 769.4a (domestic violence act) and delayed sentencing (MCL 771.1). We have also provided effective assistance in cases where the alleged victim does not want to testify or prosecute our client.

Please browse our webpages and blogs that are dedicated to the topics of: assault, domestic violence, self-defense, misdemeanor representation and felony representation.